Thursday, September 30, 2010

Pimsleur 2 (Lesson 6)

_________
Dialogue:
_________



1.) maikiru-san kyou shinjuku e ikimasu ka?
-Michael , are you going to Shinjuku today?
2.) ee, juu-ji ni ikimasu.
-Yes, I’m going at 10 o’clock.
3.) kuruma de ikimasu ka?
-Are you going by car?
4.) iie, basu de ikimasu. issho ni ikimasen ka?
-No, I’m going by bus. Are (we) going together?
5.) ee, ii desu ne. amerika no tomodachi ni t-shatsu ga kaitai n desu.
-yes, that’s okay isn’t it. I want to buy a T-shirt for my American friend.
6.) jaa, sono ato resutoranto e ikimasen ka?
-Then, can (we) go to a restaurant after that?
7.) sumimasen, sono ato wa ainiku jikan ga arimasen.
-Sorry, as for after, you’ll have to excuse me as I don’t have the time.
8.) jaa sono mae wa. hirugohan o dou desu ka?
-Then as for before that, how about lunch?
9.) ee, ii desu ne.
-yes, that’s ok, isn’t it.


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Phrases & Vocabulary
____________________



1.) sono ato - after that
2.) sono mae - before that
3.) kanada jin - Canadian person
4.) aida - duration/interval
5.) nagai aida - For a long time
6.) mijikai aida - For a short time
7.) akai kuruma - red car
8.) shiroi kuruma - white car
9.) ano - That over there ( notice the prolonged ‘u’ sound in “ano”)
10.) ano akai kuruma wa douryou no kuruma desu./ano akai kuruma wa douryou no desu - That
red car over there is my colleagues.
11.) amerika kara kimashita. - Someone came from America/someone is from America.
12.) basutei - bus stop
13.) kuruma uchi ni arimasu. - The car is at the house.
14.) T-shatsu - T-shirt
15.) dare to shinjuku kimasu ka? - With whom are you going to Shinjuku?
16.) mochiron - ofcourse
17.) nanji made o-mise wa aite imasu ka? - Until what time are the shops open?
18.) nagai aida nihon no kuruma wo motte imasu - For a long time he had a Japanese car.
19.) made - until

Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Pimsleur 2 (Lesson 5)

_________
Dialogue:
_________


1.) janu-san ocha o dou desu ka.
- Jane, how about Tea?
2.) chotto ato de. tabun.
- I’m a bit (busy right now), later perhaps.
3.) jaa, nanji ni.
- Then, at what time.
4.) sanji wa?
- 3 o’clock?
5.) ee, ii desu yo. deen wa dou desu ka.
- Yes, That’s good. How about ‘dein’?
6.) dein.. dein wa shirimasen. tooi desu ka.
- 'dein'..I don’t know 'dein’. Is it far?
7.) iie, aruite ikemasu
- No, we can go by foot.
8.) aruite.. doushite kuruma de ikimasen ka
- by foot? why not go by car?
9.) Janu-san amerika de wa itsumo kuruma de ikimasu ka
- Jane, (as for) in America do you always go by car?
10.) ee, kuruma o motte imasu kara. aruite ikimasen.
- Yes, Since I have a car, let’s not go by foot.


______________________
Phrases and Vocabulary
______________________





1. aruite. - on foot / walk
2. aruite ikemasu. - can go on foot/ can go by foot
3. mou hitori. - another person / one more Person.
4. douryou ga mou hitori kimasu. - Another colleague is coming.
5. ryouhou tomo. - Both (ryouhou = Both sides/Borth parties, tomo = Together with/Including)
6. ryouhou tomo amerika-jin desu. - They are both Americans.
7. ocha wo nomu jikan ga arimasu ka? Do you have the time to drink tea?
8. demo ima wain ga nomitaku arimasen. - but I dont want to drink now
9. biru-ippai dou desu ka? - How about a glass of beer [no wa needed due to counter]
10. koohii ga hoshii n desu ga - I want a coffee [polite]
11. chikago kara kimashita - Came from Chicago
12. sa wakarimasen. - Well.. I don’ t know.
13. nagai desu, ne? - It’ s long, isn’ it?
14. iie, douryou ni wa mijikai desu - No, it's short for my colleague.
15. douryou ga mou hitori kimasu - Another colleague is coming.
16. goshijin mo kimasu. - The husband is also coming.
17. doko ni sunde imasu ka? - Where do they live?
18. washinguton ni sunde imasu. - (They) live in Washington.
19. ryouhou tomo washinguton ni sunde imasu. = They both live in Washington.
20. demo, ryouhou tomo nihongo wo hanashimasu. - But they both speak Japanese.
21. demo, kyou douryou ga mou hitori kimasu. - but today another colleague is coming.
22. okusan mo kimasu. - His wife is coming also.
23. ikemasu - can go
24. issho ni resutoran e ikemasu, ne. - We can go to the restaurant together, right?
25. matanakereba naranai n desu. - We have to wait.
26. shitsurei shinakereba naranai n desu. -I have to leave./ I have to excuse myself
27. matanakereba naranai n desu.- have to wait.
28. koko de matanakereba naranai n desu - We have to wait here.
29. machimasen - I don't wait.
30. watashi wa machimasen. - I'm not going to wait.
31. itsumo matanakereba naranai n desu. - We always have to wait.
32. iie, itsumo ja arimasen. - No, it's not always.
33. basu wa kimasen. - The bus does not come.
34. basu wa amari kimasen. - The bus does not come/run often. (Lit: The bus does not come much.)
35. basu wa yoku kimasu. - The bus comes/runs often. (yoku means "often" in this case)
36. yoku wakarimasu. - You understand well. (yoku means "well" in this case.)
37. aruite ikimasu. - We'll go on foot.
38. aruite ikimasu ka? - Are we going on foot?
39. sumimasen, mou ichido itte kudasai - Excuse me , say it again please.
40. ee, yoku aruite ikimasu. - Yes, I often go (there) on foot.
41. tokidoki, basu de ikimasu. - sometimes, I go there by bus.
42. tokidoki matanakereba naranai n desu. - Sometimes I have to wait.
43. itsumo aruite ikimasu ka? - Do you always go there on foot?
44. iie, itsumo ja arimasen. - No, not always.
45. watashi wa aruite ikemasen. - I can't go there on foot.
46. uchi ni arimasu. It's at the house./ It's at home.
47. uchi ni - at home
48. kuruma wa hayai desu. - The car is fast.
49. hayai desu - is fast

______
Notes:
______


The ending "nakereba naranai" literally means "if it's not..., it won't do".
It is made up of "ba" which is a conditional word meaning (if) and "naranai" which
is the negative form of the verb "naru" which means (to become).
When used with verbs it means "have to do something" or "must do something"
or "should so something".
When used with adjectives or nouns it means that it "has to be" or "must be" or "should be".
So think of it as “If I don’t do it is unacceptable”, so it's imperative that you do something, or that something be/exist in a certain state.

***Formation***
_______________________________________________
Verb in negative plain form + nakereba naranai
i-Adj. stem + ku nakereba naranai
na-Adj.stem/Noun + de nakereba naranai
_______________________________________________
examples:


with verb: ashita no tesuto de hyaku-ten toranakereba naranai.
(I have to get 100% on tomorrow's test.)
[nuance: If I don't get 100%, it won't do.]

with i-adjective: ookikunakereba naranai.
(It has to be big.)
[nuance: if it's not big, it won't do]

with na-adjective: benri de nakereba naranai.
(It has to be convenient.)
[nuance: If it's not convenient, it won't do.]

with noun: gakusei de nakereba naranai.
(It has to be a student.)
[nuance: If it's not a student, it won't do.]


Don't be afraid of using nakereba naranai since you will come across it often in everyday spoken Japanese!

Pimsleur 2 (Lesson 4)

_________
Dialogue:
_________


1.) haya san, ocha o nomimasen ka.
- Mrs.Haya, Won’t you drink tea?
2.) ee, ima nanji desu ka.
- Yes, what’s the time now?
3.) san ji desu.
- It’s 3 o’clock.
4.) jaa, ocha o nomu jikan ga arimasu ne. demo doko de.
- Then, I have the time to drink tea. But, where at?
5.) deen wo shitte imasu ka.
- As for that, do you know ‘deen‘? [note: it's the name of a coffee shop]
6.) iie, shirimasen. de en wa doko desu ka.
- No, I have no idea. Where is ‘deen‘?
7.) amari tooku arimasen. meiji dori desu.
- It’s not very far, it’s (on) maiji dori [note: a famous street in tokyo]
8.) soudesu ka. demo amari jikan ga arimasen. kyou tomodachi ga kimasu.
- Is that so. But, I don’t have much time. Tomorrow a friend is coming.
9.) tomodachi.. daredesu ka.
- A friend? who is it?
10.) chugoku-jin desu. demo amerika kara kimasu. nihon ni-san shuukan imasu.
- ) They are Chinese, but they come from America. They are staying in Japan for a few weeks.
11.) nihon ni-san shuukan. mijikai desu ne.
- A week? that’s short isn’t it?
12.) iie. watashi no tomodachi ni wa nagai desu.
- No, for my friend it’s a long time.


_______________________
Phrases and Vocabulary:
_______________________

1.mijikai. - short.
2.mearii san ni wa mijikai desu. - It's short for mary.
3.nagai. - long.
4.mearii san ni wa nagai desu. - It's long for mary.
5.tokidoki. - sometimes
6.kyou wa amari shigoto ga arimasen, demo tokidoki takusan shigoto ga arimasu. – I don't have much work today, but sometimes there's alot of work.
7.douryou. - colleague/companion/ co-worker
8.kara. - comes from
9.douryo amerika kara kimasu. - The colleague comes from amerika.
10.nen - counter for years.
11.watashi no douryo wa toukyou ichi nen imasu. - My colleague will stay in Tokyo for one year.
12.soko ni san nen sunde imasu. - (I) have been living there for three years.
13.dou? - how about?/how?/in what way?
14.dou desu ka? - How is it?
15.wain wa dou desu ka? - How about wine?
16.doko ka shirimasen. - I don't know where it is.
17.itsumo ja arimasen = not always
18.amari shigoto ga arimasen ( I don’ t have much work. )
19.shigoto ga takusan arimasu ( There is a lot of work. )
20.watashi to ocha o nomi jikan ga arimasu ka? ( Do you have time to drink tea with me? )
21.watashi no douryou wa Toukyou e kimasu. ( My colleague is coming to Tokyo. )
22.itsumo go-shujin to kimasu ((They) always come with their husband.)
23.hitori de kimasen ( (They) don’ t come alone)
24.amerika kara kimasu = come from America
25.chikago ni san-nen mae kara sunde imasu (they have been) living in Chicago since 3 years ago 26.soko ni san nen sunde imasu ((They have) lived there 3 years)
27.dono gurai = how long?

Pimsleur 2 (Lesson 3)

________
Dialogue
________




1.) jamusu san, ainiku shitsurei shinakereba naranai n desu
- James, Excuse me, but I must leave now.
2.) sou desu ka.
- Is that so?
3.) ee,jikan ga arimasen kara .
- Yes, since I don’t have much time.
4.) mada wa hachiji desu. osoku arimasen yo
- Yet it’s (only) 8 o’clock, That’s not late!
5.) demo, honto ni shitsurei shinakereba naranai n desu
- But, I really have to.
6.) doushite
- Why?
7.) kaimono o shimasu. konban, tomodachi ga watashi no tokoro e kimasu
- I need to go shopping. (As) tonight, a friend is coming to my place!
8.) tomodachi.. dare desu ka?
- A friend? who is it?
9.) jamusu san wa shirimasen. biru jamison san desu.
- James, you don’t know (him). It’s Bill Jamison.
10.) jamusu-san. shittemasu yo.
- Bill Jamison.. I know (him)!



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Phrases and vocabulary
______________________

1. namae wa - What is your name?
2. Saa, wakarimasen. - Well, I don't know.
3. Okusan wa nihonjin deshou. - I suppose your wife is Japanese.
4. Chuugokujin. - Chinese person. (Chuugoku - China)
5. Ocha. - Tea.
6. Ocha wo nomimasen ka? - Won't you drink tea?
7. Ocha wo nomu jikan ga arimasu ka? - Do you have the time to drink tea?
8. Ee, chotto. - Yes, I have a minute./little. (Lit: Yes, little)
9. Ee, ima chotto jikan ga arimasu. - Yes, I have a little time now
10. Kimasu. - Comes./Is coming.
11. Ippai. - One glas. (Counter for cups/glas/bottles of liquid)
12. Wain wo ippai. - A glas of wine.
13. Menyuu onegai shimasu. - Menu please.
14. Aka. - Red. (Also Akai)
15. Shiro. - White. (Also Shiroi)
16. Itsu mo. - Always. (Also: usually; Every time)
17. Itsu mo aka wain wo nomimasu. - I always drink some red wine.
18. Aka wain wa zenzen nomimasen. - I never drink red wine.
19. Kanpai! - Cheers! (Lit: Dry up the cup)
20.nama e wa (alternative way of asking for a name)
21.amari nanimo shimasen deshita ( I didn’ t do much )(lit. Not much, nothing, didn’t do)
22.shigoto ga takusan arimasu ka? ( Do you have a lot of work? )
23.iie, amari arimasen. ( No it’ s not much. )
24.ainiku ashita ( Unfortunately tomorrow )
25.biru-san no o kusa n wa ni hon jindesu ne ( Bill’ s wife is Japanese isn’ t she? )
26.sa wakarimasen ( Well, I don’ t know. )
27.okusan wa shirimasen ( I don’ t have any idea about (his) wife. )
28.okusan wa nihon-jin deshou ( I suppose (his) wife is Japanese. )
29.cha o nomu,ji ka n ga arimasu ka? (Do you have the time to drink tea?)
30.ima chotto jikan arimasu (I have a little time now.)
31.amari jikan ga arimasen ne ( (you) don’ t have much time do you? )
32.watashi no tomodachi ga kimasu ( My friend is coming.)
33.ima ocha o nomu jikan ga arimasu ( I have the time to drink tea now.)
34.wain o ippai (Glass of wine.)
35.menu onegai shimasu (Menu please)
36.itsumo aka wain ka osake o nomimasu ( (I ) always drink red wine or sake.)
37.suzuki-san wa shitte imasu. demo okusan wa shirimasen. (I know Mr. Suzuki, but I don’ t know (his) wife.)

Monday, September 27, 2010

Pimsleur 2 (Lesson 2)

________
Dialogue
________

Hiyashi: Biru-san, mou kamakura o mimashita ka?
- Bill, have you already seen Kamakura?
Biru: Kamakura, mada mite imasen. Kamakura wa doko desu ka?
-Kamakura.. I haven’t seen it yet. Where is Kamakura?
Hiyashi: Koko kara tooku arimasen, totemo ii tokoro desu yo.
-Not very far from here. It’s a very nice place.
Biru: sou desu ka? Yokohama wa kinou mimashita. demo kamakura mite imasen.
-Is that so? I saw Yokohama yesterday. But I haven’t seen Kamakura.
Hiyashi: Jaa, ashita issho ni kamakura ikimasen ka?
-Then, tomorrow, can we see Kamakura together?
biru: ii desu ne. demo ashita no kara shigoto ga arimasu.
-That’s good isn’t it. but, from tomorrow I have work.
Hiyashi: Jaa, itsu ga ii desu ka?
-Then, when is good?
Biru: asatte e wa.
-The day after tomorrow?
Hiyashi: ee, kekkou desu.
-Yes, that’s fine.

______________________
Phrases and vocabulary
______________________


1. Asatte. - The day after tomorrow.
2. Amari. - Not much./Too much.
3. Zehi. - By all means./Certainly.
4. Ikitai. - Want to go.
5. X wo shitte imasu ka? - Do you know X?
6. Ito san wo shitte imasu ka? - Do you know Ito?
7. Asako ni tomodachi ga imasu. - There is a friend over there.
8. Ano hito. - That person over there.
9. Namae. - Name.
10. Ano hito no namae wa nan desu ka? - What is that persons name?
11. Ano hito wa Ito-san desu. - That persons name is Mrs. Ito.
12. Ito to mou shimasu. - My name is Ito. Lit. "I say myself Ito".
13. Ainiku. - Unfortunately.
14. Shitsurei. - Excuse. (me)
15. shinakereba. - If I don't do.
16. Shitsurei shinakereba. - If I don't excuse myself.
17. Nara nai n desu. - It won't do.
18. Shitsurei shinakereba nara nai n desu. - I have to excuse myself.
19. Ima kara. - From now.
20. Ima kara nani wo shimasu ka? - What do you want to do now?

Pimsleur 2 (Lesson 1)

*Pimsleur 2 Japanese notes

_________
Dialogue:
_________

Jamison: Suzuki san konnichiwa, ogenki desu ka?
(Hello Mrs. Suzuki. Are you well?)
Suzuki: hai, okagesama de. jeemuson san wa?
(Yes,Thanks to you. and yourself?)
Jamison: watashi mo genki desu, okagesame de.
(I'm doing well, too. Thanks to you.)
Suzuki: jeemuson san itsu nihon ni tsukimashita ka?
(Mr. Jameson, when did you arrive in Japan?)
Jamison: kinou no ban juu ji ni.
(Yesterday evening at 10:00.)
Suzuki: aa, kinou no ban desu ka? dono gurai nihon ni imasu ka?
(oh, yesterday evening? How long will you be in Japan?)
Jamison: isshukan imasu.
(For one week.)
Suzuki: sou desu ka? yokohama wa suki desu ka?
(Is that so? Do you like Yokohama.)
Jamison: wakarimasen. mada nanimo mite imasen.
(I don’t know. I haven’t seen anything yet.)

_____________________
*Phrases & Vocabulary
_____________________

1. mada nanimo mite imasen. (I haven’t seen anything yet.)
2. itsu tsukimashita ka? (When did you arrive?)
3. kinou tsukimashita ka? (Did you arrive yesterday?)
4. iie, kesa. (No. This morning.)
5. kinou wo tsukimashita. (I arrived yesterday.)
6. asa = morning
7. evening = ban
8. tomorrow evening = ashita no ban
9. yesterday morning = kinou no asa
10. kinou no asa tsukimashita. ( I arrived yesterday morning.)
11. nanika nomimasen ka? (Won’t you like to drink something? )
12. wain ka biru? (Some wine or beer?)
13. wain wo onegaishimasu. (Some wine, please.)
14. kyou wa nani wo shimasu ka? (Today, what are you going to do?)
15. kyou wa nani wo shimashita ka? (What did you do today?)
16. kaimono wo shimashita. (I did shopping.)
17. nanika nomumono wo kaimashita. (I bought something to drink.)
18. soshite hirugohan wo tabemashita. (and I had lunch.)
19. tomodachi to (with friends)
20. tomodachi to hirugohan wo tabemashita. (I had lunch with friends.)
21. resutoran de. (In the restaurant.)
22. watashitachi wa resutoran suehiro de tabemashita. (We ate in the restaurant suehiro.)
23. totemo = very / very much
24. totemo ii resutoran desu. (It’s a very good restaurant.)
25. ii boushi = good hat
26. ii resutoran = good restaurant
27. totemo ii resutoran = very good restaurant
28. takusan tabemashita = I ate a lot.
29. spoke = hanashimashita
30. I spoke Japanese = nihongo wo hanashimashita
31. nihongo de word wa nanto iimasu ka? (How do you say word in Japanese?)
32. kotoba to iimasu.(It is said “kotoba”.)
33. kono kotoba wa nihongo de nanto iimasu ka?( How do you say this Word in Japanese?)
34. kono kotoba = this word
35. sumimasen , mou ichido itte kudasai. (excuse me, say it again please.)
36. I don’t want to buy wa nanto iimasu ka? ( How do you say “I don’t want to buy” ?)
37. kaitaku arimasen to iimasu. (It’s sais “kaitaku arimasen”.)
38. nanimo kaitaku arimasen. (I don’t want to buy anything.)
39. yokohama e ikimashita ka? (Did you go to Yokohama?)
40. hai, ikimashita. (Yes, I went.)
41. yokohama wa suki desu ka? (Do you like yokohama?)
42. hai, totemo suki desu. (Yes, I like it very much.)
43. kyou wa takusan kaimono wo shimashita. (Today, I did a lot of shopping.)
44. demo yokohama ni nanimo mimasen deshita.(..but I didn’t see anything in Yokohama.)
45. mimasen deshita = I didn’t see
46. mimashita = I saw
47. nanika mimashita ka? (Did you see something?)
48. iie, mimasen deshita. (No I didn’t see.)
49. nanimo tabetaku arimasen. (I don’t want to eat anything.)
50. nanimo = not anything
51. nanimo mimasen deshita. (I didn’t see anything.)
52. nanimo tabemasen deshita. (I didn’t eat anything.)
53. nanimo kaimasen deshita. (I didn’t buy anything.)
54. yokohama de nani wo mimashita ka? (What did you see in yokohama?)
55. mite imasen = haven’t seen
56. mada nanimo mite imasen. (I haven’t seen anything yet.)
57. yokohama wa totemo ookii desu. (Yokohama is very large.)
58. kamakura wo shitte imasu ka? (Do you know kamakura.)
59. shirimasen = (I) don’t know
60. iie, shirimasen. (No, I don’t know (at all). )
61. kamakura wo shirimasen. (I don’t know Kamakura.)
62. sato san wo shitte imasu ka? (Do you know Mr. Sato?)
63. koko kara = from here
64. koko kara tooi desu. (It’s far from here.)
65. koko kara tooi desu ka? (Is it far from here?)
66. iie, tooku arimasen. (No. It’s not far.)
67. kamakura wa koko kara tooi desu ka? (Is kamakura far from here?)
68. iie, koko kara tooku arimasen. (No, it’s not far from here.)
69. dono gurai imasu ka? (How long are you going to stay?)
70. in Japan = nihon ni
71. dono gurai nihon ni imasu ka?(How long are you going to stay in Japan?)
72. isshukan imasu. (I’m going to stay a week.)
73. A few weeks = nisanshuukan
74. soshite yokohama ni futsuka imasu. (and I’m going to stay two days in Yokohama.)
75. tomorrow morning = ashita no asa
76. ashita no asa kamakura e ikimasen ka? (Won’t you go to Kamakura tomorrow morning?)
77. this morning = kesa
78. jikan ga arimasen. (I don’t have time.)
79. amari jikan ga arimasen. (I don’t have much time.)
80. ashita no asa amari jikan ga arimasen. (I don’t have much time tomorrow morning.)
81. ashita shigoto wo shimasu. (I’m working tomorrow.)
82. shigoto ga takusan arimasu. (I have a lot of work.)
83. ashita no asa shigoto ga takusan arimasu. (I have a lot of work tomorrow morning.)
84. watashi wa amari shigoto ga arimasen. ( as for me I don’t have much work.)
85. Tomorrow evening? = ashita no ban wa?
86. very well/understood = wakarimashita
87. Well then, See you tomorrow. = jaa, mata ashita.
88. sayounara = good bye
89. nihongo ga yoku wakarimasu ne? (You understand Japanese well, don’t you?)